If Scotland was independent in 1314, why is it under English rule today? In 1606, Queen Elizabeth I of England died childless and James VI of Scotland became king because he was the nearest heir. James was crowned James I of England while remaining James VI of Scotland. England and Scotland were united, but only because they shared a king. They were united like this until 1707. In 1707, the English Parliament proposed an “Act of Union” to the Scottish Parliament, but bribed them to accept it. After the Act of Union was passed, the English fired most of the Scottish Parliament. A 1791 poem by Robert Burns contrasts the honor of Bruce and his men with the treachery of the Scots in Parliament:
“What force, or guile, could not subdue,
Through many warlike ages,
Is wrought now by a coward few,
For hireling traitors’ wages
The English steel we could disdain,
Secure in valor’s station;
But English gold has been our bane—
Such a parcel of rogues in a nation!”
Bannockburn won Scotland’s independence, and Scotland would become one of the most Reformed countries in the world. Scots like John Witherspoon and Lord Stirling influenced the founding of this country. But without God’s Providence at Bannockburn, none of this would have happened.
1. Numbers taken from In Freedom’s Cause by G. A. Henty, pgs. 175-6
2. This tactic is depicted in at least two scenes in the movie Pendragon: Sword of His Father: once at 11:15 and again at 1:27:11.
3. Quotations taken from en.wikisource.org/wiki/Declaration_Of_Arbroath