The Southern theatre of the American Revolution proved decisive, as General Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown. But both before and after Yorktown, many other critical battles were fought. This gallery of paintings by the noted artist F. C. Yohn captures some of them.
To the left is a painting of the Battle of Camden. Camden was a decisive British victory, as Lord Cornwallis destroyed an entire American army--the only one in the South--as well as the reputation of the American General Gates.
With Gates out of the way, Cornwallis sent the talented Major Patrick Ferguson on a sweep against the wild frontiersmen of North Carolina/Kentucky. But at King's Mountain, the frontiersmen ambushed and killed him and most of his small army.
King's Mountain was matched by another British disaster at Cowpens, which led Cornwallis to chase General Greene (Gates's replacement) through North Carolina. Finally the two armies fought it out at Guilford Courthouse, where Cornwallis defeated General Greene, though not decisively.
With Cornwallis now in Virginia, command devolved to Lord Rawdon. Rawdon and General Greene fought it out at Hobkirk's Hill. Another British victory, yet still not decisive.
Another British commander was appointed: Colonel Alexander Stuart. Greene launched an ambush on Stuart's troops at Eutaw Springs, driving them back. The battle looked like a decisive American victory, until the American attack bogged down and was then hurled back by a counter-attack. The British repulsed the Americans, but as General Greene put it "We fight, get beat, rise, and fight again."
Greene's perseverance paid off, because Eutaw Springs was the last major battle of the Southern theater. Late in 1782, the British army evacuated Charleston, their last post in South Carolina.