I recently featured the 2nd Pennsylvania Regiment on my blog (to see it, go to http://www.defendingthelegacy.blogspot.com/2015/10/2nd-pennsylvania-regiment-by-armies-in.html). This unit is one of the few Continental units where the regimental flag is known and linked to that unit. How?
|Colonel Stewart's portrait|
|Detail from the portrait|
In the background details of Charles Willson Peale’s portrait of Colonel Walter Stewart of the 2nd Pennsylvania Regiment, the regimental camp can be seen. (1) Flying in front of a large tent (possibly the colonel’s) is a large flag. Due to its size and placement in camp, it is the regimental flag rather than a camp flag. Camp flags “marked the area when in camp. They were 18in (45cm) square, with poles either 7ft (2.1m) or 9 ft (2.7m) high.” (2)
In this close-up from the recreated 2nd Pennsylvania’s website (3), the flag can be seen with a white ground, a yellowish snake, and a blue scroll below the snake. This is my recreation of the 2nd Pennsylvania’s flag. Unfortunately, the picture is much too small to make out any lettering in the blue scroll. I put “Do Not Tread on Me” because that was a common motto on American flags. However, the scroll could also contain the unit’s name: “2nd Pennsylvania Regiment.”
If you would like to use this flag for your wargame armies, that is great, but please make sure to credit Defending the Legacy (a link back to this post would be appreciated!)
(2) pg. 146, An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Uniforms from 1775-1783 The American Revolutionary War by Digby Smith and Kevin F. Kiley (Lorenz: London, 2010)